Moravian Karst - breathtaking caves, sport and adventures

Moravian Karst - breathtaking caves, sport and adventures

The Moravian Karst, located in the north of South Moravia, is one of the most beautiful and famous karst regions in Czech Republic. With beautiful nature, numerous archaeological and paleontological findings and various cultural monuments, it was declared a protected landscape area in 1956. It has the widest range of karst phenomena in our country and over 1000 caves here, five of which them are open to public.

Author: Hana Šormová

A million years of history

The caves of the Moravian Karst have a rich history, dating back almost a million years. Our ancestors found shelter in the caves, most popular of which was the “Bull Rock”, since Palaeolithic era. Archaeological findings confirmed that the caves were used by the Neanderthal men over 120,000 years ago. Some of them are decorated by engravings of Magdalenian cultures from the end of Palaeolithic, that has now become world famous.

People inhabited ed or used the caves also during the peak of expansion of the Roman empire and in the Middle Ages. Even in the time of the Great Moravian Empire the Moravian Karst was not abandoned, when the iron ore was used by the metallurgical workshops. The fascination with the caves continues until today, as Balcarka Cave, Katerinska, Punkva Caves, Sloupsko-šošůvské Caves and Drapusk welcome thousands of visitors each year.

Historical and natural sites

The surroundings of the Moravian Karst are known for its historical monuments. These include the Rájec-Jestřebí Chateau, the Old Hut in Adamov, the Lysice Chateau, the Boskovice Castle and Chateau, the Pilgrimage Church in Křtiny and the Chateau in Velké Opatovice. Those, who prefer some hiking, exploration and mystery, can visit the ruins of Holštejn castles, Knight's cave, Hrádek u Babic or Lechenec. Archaeological excavation sites Městečko Holštejn and Tipeček will reveal secrets of abandoned medial settlements. The Moravian Karst area is also famous for its religious monuments, with the pilgrimage churches of the Church of the Virgin Mary in Křtiny and the Church of Our Lady of Sorrow in Sloup being the most important ones.

Much more than the caves

The beauty of Moravian Karst does not hide only in their caves, the whole region offers much more.  Macocha abyss, Punkva river canyons, educational trails and multiple national nature monuments (such as Cave of Pekárna, Rudické srážení, Dřínová, Sloupsko-šošůvské caves, Říčky valley or Velký Horník) all attract visitors wanting to enjoy beautiful forests, natural wonders of speleothems and adventure. Our specialty for this area is the beautiful adventurous program The Secrets of Moravian Karst.

How to get there

The Moravian Karst is located north of Brno. You can reach it by train (Brno - Česká Třebová) or during the season you can use the Krasobus bus line, which will take you straight to the center of Blansko city. Accommodation in the Moravian Karst and surroundings is not hard to find, as there are several hotels and smaller guesthouses. If you prefer, you can also rent a cottage or an apartment.

Regional speciality

The Moravian Karst is a protected landscape area. One of the most famous places to visit is the cave complex formed by Macocha Abyss and Punkva Cave. With maximum depth of 138.4 m it’s the deepest cave of its kind in Central Europe! Another notable natural wonder is the Amateur Cave, which forms the longest cave system in the Czech Republic.